What’s the difference between vegan and vegetarian?
More and more people are looking for a healthier lifestyle and opting for a vegetarian or vegan diet; the problem is that, in many occasions, people confuse these terms and do not know what the difference between vegan and vegetarian is.
That’s why in this post we are going to show you what are the similarities and differences between veganism and vegetarianism.
- 1 What is Veganism?
- 2 What is a vegetarian person?
- 3 Differences between vegans and vegetarians
- 4 Similarities
- 5 Benefits of Vegan and Vegetarian Diets
- 6 Tips for Vegan and Vegetarian People
What is Veganism?
A vegan person is one who eliminates all animal products from their day to day life; that is, not only does he or she not eat meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, or animal-derived foods, such as honey or gelatin, but veganism is a way of life that goes beyond that and includes clothing and cosmetics.
According to several studies, vegans have higher levels of healthy fats, antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds because they consume more plant products than vegetarians or meat eaters.
However, the absence of these products does not mean that these people cannot enjoy a varied diet; in our blog you can find a wide variety of vegan recipes to maintain a balanced and creative diet.
Types of Vegan
Below we show you the different types of vegans that exist today:
- Ethical vegans: these are the most common and are characterized by their love and care for animals and the environment. In this case, they do not consume any dairy products and avoid clothing made from animal skin, or part of it, and cosmetics that have been tested on animals.
- Plant-based vegans: also known as frugivorists, they only eat products that have grown out of the ground. In some cases, they take nuts and seeds.
- Raw vegetables: they do not eat any animal products or anything that has been cooked above 115°C; they do this because they believe that if they do, the food will lose its nutrients and enzymes.
- Flexitarians: although they give priority to vegetables in their diet, they may occasionally eat animal products, such as honey.
What is a vegetarian person?
Vegetarianism is a form of eating based on the absence of meat, chicken and seafood; that is, this time, vegetarians do include eggs or dairy products in their diets. Here are the main foods that vegetarians do not eat:
- Meat: beef, pork and game.
- Poultry: chicken, turkey and duck.
- Fats or broths derived from animal mistreatment.
- Fish and seafood.
- Animal protein: as rennet or gelatin, among others.
Types of vegetarians
Like vegans, there are also different types of vegetarians you should meet:
- Lacto-ovo-vegetarians: These people exclude meat and fish from their diet, although they do include eggs and dairy products, like milk or yogurt.
- Ovo-vegetarian: these are people who include eggs in their diets but not dairy products.
- Api-vegetarians: consume honey, but this must be sustainably and locally produced.
- Demi-vegetarian: they consume fish, eggs and other dairy products; in this case, they only exclude meat from their diets.
- Semi-vegetarian: they control meat consumption on a voluntary basis.
Differences between vegans and vegetarians
As you have seen, the main difference between vegetarians and vegans is that vegans eat certain animal products, such as eggs, milk or honey, while vegans do not.
Vegetarians don’t eat meat, fish or seafood, while vegans don’t eat meat, fish, seafood, milk, dairy products, honey, eggs, and egg products. In addition, there are other differences between these two forms of eating that you need to be aware of.
1. Vegetarians consume animal products
Although vegetarians don’t eat meat, some do eat eggs or dairy products, and the vast majority incorporate honey into their diets. In contrast, vegans do not consume any animal products, egg products, milk, or honey.
2. Veganism is a lifestyle
Veganism is not only a form of food, it is also the elimination of all products that have resulted in the killing or mistreatment of animals.
Therefore, veganism also affects clothing and cosmetics since, in some cases, animal skins are used or tested to produce them. Vegetarianism, on the other hand, only refers to diet.
3. Veganism can change with technological development
Veganism can change with technological development because it is a lifestyle that wants to avoid the pain of animals; therefore, if in the future ways of producing meat, milk, or eggs arise without the animals having to participate, a vegan could eat those foods.
On the contrary, vegetarianism is a type of diet that does not consume meat, regardless of its origin.
4. Veganism is a kind of vegetarianism, but not the other way around
Because of its similarities, veganism can be considered a stricter version of vegetarianism.
Although there are many differences between veganism and vegetarianism, both philosophies aim to have a healthier, more animal-friendly diet, help care for the environment and offer a healthier lifestyle.
In both cases, people with these eating styles have an animalistic outlook and care about animals and their habitat.
Benefits of Vegan and Vegetarian Diets
Scientific research suggests that vegan and vegetarian diets have many health benefits; for example, they help prevent cardiovascular disease and can be used as a treatment.
They also help reduce body mass index and decrease the chances of developing diabetes or cancer. Similarly, a 2019 study associated a plant-based diet with a lower risk of chronic kidney disease.
Which is healthier?
Both veganism and vegetarianism offer similar health benefits and allow people to eat foods richer in antioxidants and nutrients. In addition, each has its advantages and disadvantages; for example, lacto-vegetarians get phosphorus, vitamin D, and calcium from dairy products, although avoiding them helps vegans keep their cholesterol levels lower.
Which is better for losing weight?
According to several studies, vegans have a lower Body Mass Index than vegetarians and meat eaters; the explanation is that vegans do not consume eggs or dairy products. Therefore, when it comes to weight loss, vegans are more likely to lose body mass.
Tips for Vegan and Vegetarian People
When deciding to become a vegan or vegetarian you should pay close attention to calcium, vitamin B12, vitamin C and vegetable protein. To maintain adequate nutrition it is important that it is proportionate and varied, so that it does not harm your health.
A healthy vegan or vegetarian diet should contain carbohydrates, fats and proteins. In the case of vegans, the intake of the first two factors is simple, since they eat a lot of cereals and legumes; on the other hand, in order not to neglect the proteins, the most recommendable thing is to eat soya and other products of these characteristics.
The most common foods among vegetarians and vegans are kale, grains, nuts, legumes and beans, and it is best to avoid processed foods. Now that you’ve seen all the differences between vegan and vegetarian eating, which one do you bet on?