Causes and Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction
It refers to the inability of a male to maintain erection persistently and repeatedly. It is a widespread problem and is reported that it impacts around 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. Most of the time people are reluctant to talk about it to others even to doctors. This is why it is necessary to address this problem openly.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis contains two cylinder-shaped chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs alongside the length of the penis. They contain arteries which bring the blood to the penis and veins which take the blood away from the penis. When there is sexual stimulation either physically or mentally our brain sends a message to the nerves within the penis to cause the relief of the penile arteries. This increases the blood flow to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection.There’s simultaneous contraction of specialized muscle tissue positioned in the penis which compresses the veins and reduces the outflow of blood from the penis thereby helping to sustain erection.
This is evident now that anything that interferes with the either nerve impulses wherever from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis can lead to erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Most of the people consider it as a psychological problem. Nevertheless it shouldn’t be the case. Although psychological factors are concerned in the causation of ED however principally we do have any undermendacity physical cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
1. Vascular diseases
We understand that it is the increased blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular illnesses which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it troublesome to get erection. They embrace atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and increased ranges of cholesterols.
Males suffering from diabetes mellitus usually expertise erectile dysfunction at some stage in life particularly after they don’t have an optimum sugar control. The erectile dysfunction associated with diabetes is attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.
3. Neurologic Dysfunction
For adequate erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any disorder that interferes with the functions of brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace conditions comparable to Stroke Multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
There are some lifestyle decisions which can improve the risk of erectile dysfunction. They embody smoking, drinking and drug abuse. The achieve this by interfering with the blood provide of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis can also cause erectile dysfunction. The importance of trauma as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in individuals who have been riding bicycle for longer interval of times. This is because bicycle seat can put constant pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis thereby damaging them and resulting in erectile dysfunction.
There are particular medication that may cause erectile dysfunction. They embody medicines used to decrease blood pressure and likewise some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are some of the causes of erectile dysfunction and the drugs you are utilizing to treat these conditions also cause erectile dysfunction. This is why it is essential for you to talk to you doctor if you are on any drugs and you start having problems with the erection.
Principally older individuals above the age of 50 have problems with erection. This is the age when people also present with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgical procedures for these conditions and through surgical procedure the nerves supplying the penis is likely to be damaged resulting in erectile dysfunction.
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is involved in achieving erection as well as pleasure and excitement associated with intercourse so any problem that interferes with functioning of brain can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are responsible for only about 10-15percentof the cases of ED. They embody
• Low-self worth
Methods to Treat Erectile Dysfunction?
1. Life-style adjustments
There are specific life model modifications which may help in the improvement of sexual function. They embrace cessation of smoking, exercise and weight loss.
There’s this well-known drug called sildenafil which is well known as Viagra. It isn’t the only drug, moderately there is a entire class of medication called phosphodiestrase inhibitors. The opposite necessary medications included in this group are Vardenafil ( Levita, Stxyn), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Avanafil (Stendra)
3. Vacuum Pumps
They’re specialised gadgets containing a cylinder and a pump. The penis is placed within the cylinder and pump is used to draw the air out of the pump creating a cylinder. This will increase the blood flow to the penis. In order to keep the erection an elastic band is worn across the base of penis.
4. Surgical procedure
If the erectile dysfunction is because of blockage of the artery supplying the penis especially in youthful patients we are able to surgically restore that blood flow. The opposite things we will do surgically is place an implant in there. This implant is crammed with the pressurized fluid every time erection is required.